Breed Profile

Breed Overview (English Cocker Spaniel)

Nickname(s): Cocker Spaniel

Dog Group Kennel Club: Gun Dog (UKC Classification)
Sporting Dog (AKC Classification)

Breed Classification: The English Cocker Spaniel is among the oldest breeds of land spaniel. They are descendants of Spain’s original spaniels. The breed was first used as a hunting dog. It received official recognition by the AKC only in 1946. Today, Cockers are seldom used for hunting. They have evolved to become great pets for many households.

Physical Description: English Cocker Spaniels are medium-sized dogs with long and feathered ears. It has a compact and athletic body frame, proportionate head, flared nostrils and a strong, square muzzle. Cockers may have docked tails with straight forelegs and hind legs are angulated. It has a medium-length silky coat which can either be flat or slightly wavy. The breed comes in various coat colours including solid black, liver or red markings, parti-coloured or roan. Two types or lines of English Cocker Spaniels have been identified—field and show. Show type Cockers possess longer coats than field types.

Lifespan: 12-15 years
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Litter size: 6

Bitch – Min 36 cm (14″) / Max 41 cm (16″)
Dog – Min 38cm (15”) /Max 43 cm (17”)

Bitch – Min 12kg (26 pounds)/ Max 15Kg (32 pounds)
Dog – Min 13kg (28 pounds) / Max 16 Kg (34 pounds)

Build: Small

Aliments: Cocker Spaniels have high risks of developing eye problems and blindness can set in as early as 10 years of age. It should be noted that deafness is a major health concern in parti-coloured Cockekrs while CHD is prevalent in solid coloured Cockers.

Common Aliments: Skin and ear allergies, cataracts, cancer, deafness, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD), patellar luxation, kidney disease, and cardiomyopathy.

Susceptibility To Illness: Medium

Ownership Expenses

Food cost: less than £4.00 per week

Average puppy price: £500 – £600

Other: Cockers need professional grooming 3-4 times a year, thus grooming costs must be carefully considered. Feeding puppies should be according to the breeder’s feeding program to warrant proper development of bones and muscles.


Energy Level: Medium

Daily exercise needed: 40-60 minutes per day

Distress if left alone: Low

Barking Tendency: Low

Ease of transportation: High

Aggression level: Low

Compatibility for children: High

Suitable for children: High


Coat length: Short/Medium

Grooming requirement: Once a week with frequent trimming

Colour: The most common colour of English Cocker Spaniels include solid black, red black and tan, liver, liver and tan, roan, ticked and parti-coloured.

Shedding: Little

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